Quick Facts

  • Officially the United States of America
  • Declared independence July 4, 1776 from Great Britain
  • Location:  North America; bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean, between Canada and Mexico
  • Area:  3,794,101 sq. miles – third largest country after Russia and Canada
  • Population:  316,668,567 (July 2013)
  • Capital:  Washington, D.C.
  • Climate:  mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and Florida, arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the great plains west of the Mississippi River and in the Great Basin of the southwest
  • Terrain:  vast central plain, mountains in the west, hills and low mountains in the east; rugged mountains and broad river valleys in Alaska, volcanic in Hawaii
  • Nationality:  American
  • Ethnic groups:  white 79,96%, black 12,85 %, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, Hawaiian and other Pacific islanders 0.18%, Hispanic 15.1 % of total population
  • Language:  English 82.1%  The U.S. has no official language, however 28 of the 50 states has acquired English as their official language.  Hawaiian is the official language of Hawaii
  • Religions:  Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon, Christian, Jewish, others
  • Literacy:  99%  age 15 and over can read and write
  • Economy:  The U.S. has the largest and most technologically powerful economy in the world.
  • Current weather conditions –  www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country:  www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates –  www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • Constitution – based federal republic; strong democratic tradition
  • 50 state and one Federal district, 14 independent areas

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Healthcare Statistics

    • Life expectancy:  78.62 years
    • Health expenditures:  17.9% of GDP
    • Physicians density:  2.67 physicians/1,000 population
    • Hospital bed density:  3 beds/1,000 population
    • HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:  0.6%
    • HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS:  1.2 million
    • Maternal mortality rate:  21 deaths/100,000 live births
    • Infant mortality rate:  5.9 deaths/1,000 live births
    • Obesity – adult prevalence rate:  33%
    • Children under the age of 5 underweight:  1.3%
    • In March of 2010 President Obama signed into law the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, a health insurance reform that will extend coverage to an additional 32 million American citizens by 2016, through private health insurance for the general population and Medicaid for the impoverished.
    • Infectious disease updates:  http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

 

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Area Agencies

    Field Stories

            My first medical  mission trip:    In the following pages I will talk about my experiences on my first trip to Haiti following the devastating earthquake in January 2010.   The biggest “first” is it was my first medical trip outside the United States.  I had done disaster relief for Hurricane […]

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