Quick Facts

  • Officially known as the United Mexican States
  • Gained Independence from Spain on September 16th, 1810
  • Location: Continent of North America with the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico bordering the East and the Pacific Ocean bordering the West, South of the United States and North of Guatemala and Belize
  • Area: 1,964,375 sq km
  • Population: 116,220,947
  • Capital: Mexico City 19,319,000
  • Climate: Varies from tropical to desert
  • Terrain: High, rugged mountains, low coastal plains, high plateaus, desert
  • Nationality: Mexican
  • Ethnic Groups: Mestizo 60% (mixed Amerindians and whites), Amerindian 30%, White 9%, Other 1%
  • Language: Spanish
  • Religions: Roman Catholic 83%, Evangelical Churches 5%, Other 12%
  • Literacy: 86.1%
  • Economy: Mexico has a Free Market Economy containing tourism, industry, and agriculture. It is beginning to be dominated by the private sector. Mexico has free trade agreements with over 50 countries.
  • Current weather conditions –  www.weather.com
  • Tips for Travel in country – www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates –  www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • Mexico’s government is a Federal Republic
  • Chief of State and Head of Government: President Pena Nieto – elected by popular vote for term of six years

Healthcare Statistics

  • Life expectancy: 76.66 years
  • Health expenditures: 6.3% of GDP
  • Physician density: 2.839 physicians/1,000
  • Hospital bed density: 1.6 beds/1,000
  • HIV/AIDS: Adult prevalence rate – .3%
  • Major Infectious Diseases – degree of risk – intermediate
  • Food or waterborne diseases: Bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
  • Vectorborne diseases: Dengue Fever
  • Water contact diseases: leptospirosis
  • Obesity – adult prevalence rate: 23.6%
  • Children under the age of 5 years underweight: 3.4%
  • Infectious disease updates:  http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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