Quick Facts

  • Officially known as the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
  • Gained independence from the United Kingdom on August 31, 1962
  • Location:  Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela
  • Area:  1,980 sq. miles, slightly smaller than the state of Delaware
  • Population:  approximately 1.3 million
  • Capital and major city:  Port-of-Spain, 57,000
  • Climate:  tropical; rainy season (June-December)
  • Terrain:  mostly plains with some hills and low mountains.  Pitch Lake, on Trinidad’s southwestern coast, is the worlds largest natural reservoir of asphalt
  • Nationality:  Trinidadians, Tobagonians
  • Ethnic groups:  Indian (South Asian) 40%, African 37.5% , mixed 20.5%, other
  • Language:  English (official), Caribbean Hindustani ( a dialect of Hindi), Spanish, Chinese
  • Religions:  Roman Catholic 26%, Protestant 25%, Hindu 22.5%
  • Literacy:  98.6% age 15 and over can read and write
  • Economy:  one of the most prosperous countries in the Caribbean due to petroleum and natural gas production and processing.  An excellent investment site for international business and has one of the highest growth rates and per capita incomes in Latin America.  Tourism, largely in Tobago, is targeted for expansion and is growing.
  • Current weather conditions –  www.weather.com
  • Tips for Travel in country – www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates –  www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • Trinidad and Tobago have a parliamentary democracy
  • Chief of State:  President George Maxwell Richards, elected by an electoral college made up of members of the Senate and House of Representatives
  • Head of Government:  Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar, appointed by the President

Healthcare Statistics

  • Life expectancy:  71.67 years
  • Health expenditures:  5.6% of GDP
  • Physicians density:  1.175 physicians/1.000 population
  • Hospital bed density:  2.56 beds/1,000 population
  • HIV/AIDs – adult prevalence rate:  1.5%
  • Children under the age of 5 underweight:  4.4%
  • Infectious disease updates:  http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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Area Agencies

Field Stories

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