Quick Facts

  • Officially known as the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
  • Claimed by the Spanish Crown in 1493 following Christopher Columbus’ second voyage to the Americas.  Puerto Rico was ceded to the United States following the Spanish American War in 1898.  Puerto Ricans were grated U.S. citizenship in 1917.
  • Location:  Caribbean , island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic
  • Area:  3,515 sq. miles, slightly less than 3x the size of Rhode Island
  • Population:  approximately 4 million
  • Capital and major city:  San Juan, 2.73 million
  • Climate:  tropical marine, mild; little seasonal temperature variation
  • Terrain:  mostly mountains with coastal plain belt in north; mountains precipitous to sea on west coast; sandy beaches along most coastal areas
  • Nationality:  Puerto Rican (US citizens)
  • Ethnic groups:  white (mostly Spanish origin)  76.2 %, black 6.9%
  • Language:  Spanish, English
  • Religions:  Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15%
  • Literacy:  94.1% age 15 and over can read and write
  • Economy:  The industrial sector has surpassed agriculture as the primary focus of economic activity and income.  Tourism has traditionally been an important source of income.
  • Current weather conditions –  www.weather.com
  • Tips for Travel in country – www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates –  www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • Puerto Rico is an unincorporated, organized territory of the United States with a commonwealth status; policy relations between Puerto Rico and the U.S. conducted under the jurisdiction of the Office of the President.
  • Chief of State:  President Barrack H. Obama
  • Head of Government:  Governor Luis Fortuno – elected by popular vote
  • Puerto Ricans do not vote in the presidential election but may vote in Democratic and Republican primary elections

Healthcare Statistics

Images From the Field

NextGen ScrollGallery thumbnailNextGen ScrollGallery thumbnail


Area Agencies

Field Stories

Communications are obviously a key component in planning a trip and coordinating logistics. Depending on the country, there may be several options available. Several aspects of communication are discussed here to help you along. Cell phones – Cellular phone technology is usually an option in most countries, but varies depending on your type of carrier. To check and see […]


Continued » View All Stories »
Simple Share Buttons