Quick Facts

  • Gained independence form Spain in 1821 and from the Republic of Central America in 1898
  • Location:  Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras
  • Population  6.1 million
  • Capital:  San Salvador – 2.8 million people.
  • The smallest and most densely populated country in Central America
  • Climate:  tropical
  • Terrain:  mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau
  • Nationality:  Salvadoran
  • Ethnic groups:  mestizo 90%, white 9%, Amerindian 1%
  • Language:  Spanish
  • Religions:  Roman Catholic 57.1%, Protestant 21.2%
  • Literacy:  81.1% age 15 and over can read and write
  • Economy:  recent strong economic growth due in part to 16% of GDP coming from money sent back by family members in the United States.  37% live below the poverty line.
  • Highest murder rate in Central America largely due to gangs, 34,000 members in gangs.  High amounts of cocaine used and shipped from El Salvador.
  • Frequent natural disasters have included earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and hurricanes.
  • Current weather conditions –  www.weather.com
  • Tips for Travel in country – www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates –  www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • Republic
  • Chief of State and Head of Government:  Presdident Mauricio Funes Cartagena – elected by popular vote

Healthcare Statistics

  • Life expectancy:  73.4 years
  • Health expenditures:  3.9% of GDP
  • Physicians density:  1.6/1,000 population
  • Hospital bed density:  1.1/1,000 population
  • Infant mortality rate:  20.03/1,000 births
  • Women average 2.08 children
  • HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:  0.8%
  • Disease risk – HIGH  – Prevalent is bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid and dengue fever and leptospirosis
  • Infectious disease updates:  http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm


Images From the Field

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