Quick Facts

  • Officially known as the Republic of Ecuador
  • Gained independence from Spain on May 14, 1822
  • Location:  Wetern South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru
  • Area:  109,483 sq. miles –  slightly smaller than the state of Nevada
  • Population:  15, 223,680
  • Capital:  Quito – over 1.5 million
  • Largest city:  Guayaquil – over 2.25 million
  • Climate:  tropical along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations; tropical in Amazonian jungle lowlands
  • Terrain:  coastal plain, inter-Andean central highlands (sierra) and flat to rolling eastern jungle
  • Nationality:  Ecuadorian
  • Ethnic groups:  mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 65%, Amerindian 25%, Spanish and others 7%, black 3%
  • Language:  Spanish (official), Amerindian languages
  • Religions:  Roman Catholic 95%, others
  • Literacy:  91% age 15 and over can read and write
  • Economy:  One of the poorest nations in Latin America.  Substantially dependent on its petroleum resources  which have accounted for more than half of the countrys export earnings and approximtely 2/3 of public sector revenues in recent years.  Other exported products include fish, timber, gold,  bananas and other fruits, palm oil, coffee, cacao, roses, corn.  China has become Equadors largest foreign bilateral lender, allowing the government to maintain a high rate of social spending.
  • Current weather conditions –  www.weather.com
  • Tips for Travel in country – www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates –  www.xe.com


Government in Power

  • A Republic
  • President and Head of Government  is Presidnet Rafael Correa Delgado – elected by popular vote



Healthcare Statistics

  • Life expectancy:  75.94 years
  • Health expenditures:  5% of GDP
  • Physicians density:  1.48 physicians/1,000 population
  • Hospital bed density:  1.5 beds/1.000 population
  • HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:  0.4%
  • Major infectious diseases – degree of risk – high
  • Food or waterborne diseases:  bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and typhoid feer
  • Vectorborne diseases:  dengue fever and malaria
  • Water contact diseases:  leptospirosis
  • Children under the age of 5 underweight:  6.2%
  • Some of the greatest health problems include malnutrition, diabetes and heart disease, which is the country’s  leading cause of death
  • The combination of 40+ indigenous groups, numerous languages and population in remote areas, all contribute to the difficulty in setting up an equitable healthcare system
  • 20-30% of the population lack immediate access to health care services
  • Infectious disease updates:  http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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Area Agencies

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