Quick Facts

  • Officially known as the Argentine Republic
  • Gained independence from Spain in 1816
  • Location:  Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay
  • 2nd largest country in South America
  • Population:  41 million – 1/2 of the population lives in urban areas.
  • Capital:  Buenos Aires  12.9 million
  • Climate:  mostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest
  • Terrain:  rich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western border
  • Nationality:  Argentine
  • Ethnic groups:  white (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry), Amerindian, or other non-white groups 3%
  • Language:  Spanish (official)  Italian, English, German, French
  • Religions:  predominately Roman Catholic
  • Literacy:  97 % of those 15 years and older can read and write
  • Economy:  highest GDP per capita in purchasing power in Latin America.  Rich natural resources, export oriented agricultural sector and a diversified industrial base.  30% live below poverty line
  • Current weather conditions –  www.weather.com
  • Tips for Travel in country – www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates –  www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • A Republic
  • Chef of State and Head of Government: President Christine Fernandez de Kirchner – elected by popular vote

Healthcare Statistics

  • Life expectancy:  73 yrs./male, 80yrs/female
  • Health expenditures:  9.5% of GDP
  • Physicians density:  3.1 physicians/1,000 population
  • Hospital bed density:  4 beds/1,000 population
  • HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:  0.5%
  • Maternal mortality rate:  70/100,000
  • Infant mortality rate:  12.1/1,000 births
  • Disease risk is intermediate
  • Infectious diseases:  bacterial diarrhea, Hep-A and leptospirosis prevalent
  • Infectious disease updates:  http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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Area Agencies

    Field Stories

    Translators in the Field: Providing aid in many countries will require translators. Often your group is fortunate to have one or several individuals who speak the native dialect. This is a definite plus. A couple points to be aware of with the use of translators: You may notice, as I often have, when using translators […]


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