Quick Facts

  • Romania is made up of the former principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia
  • It joined the Allied powers in World War I and acquired new territories (most notably Transylvania)
  • Romania joined NATO in 2004
  • The capital (and largest city of Romania) is Bucharest; the tenth largest city in the EU, with a population of 2 million
  • With the revolution of 1989, Romania began its transition towards democracy and a capitalist market economy.  Romania is now an upper middle-income country with high human development
  • Romania is a member of the EU, the Latin Union, the Francophonie, the OSCE, the WTO, the BSEC, and the United Nations
  • Romania is divided into 41 administrative counties
  • Climate: temperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms
  • Ethnic Groups: Romanian 89.5%, Hungarian 6.6%, Roma 2.5%, Ukranian 0.3%, German 0.3%, Russian 0.2%, Turkish 0.2%
  • Language: Romanian (official) 91%, Hungarian 6.7%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.1%
  • Religions: Eastern Orthodox: 86.8%, Protestant 7.5%, Roman Catholic 4.7%
  • Population: 21.84 million
  • Capital: Bucharest
  • GDP per capita: $12,476
  • Romania is a major transshipment point for Southwest Asia heroin
  • Current weather conditions –  www.weather.com
  • Tips for Travel in country – www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates –  www.xe.com

Government in Power

Unitary semi-presidential republic

  • President: Traian Basescu
  • Prime Minister: Victor Ponta

Healthcare Statistics

  • Life Expectancy: 74.22 years
  • Maternal mortality rate: 27 deaths/100,000 live births
  • It is speculated that there are 4 abortions for every live birth in Romania
  • Physicians Density: 1.916/1,000 population
  • Risk of infectious disease: Low
  • 46% of the rural population and 12% of the urban population have unimproved Sanitation facility access
  • Infectious disease updates:  http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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