Quick Facts

  • Officially the Italian Republic
  • Italy first became a nation state in 1861 when the regional states of the peninsula, along with Sardinia and Sicily, were united under King Victor Emmanuel II.
  • Italy was a charter member of NATO and the EEC.
  • Persistent problems include illegal immigration, organized crime, corruption, high unemployment, and low incomes and technical standards of southern Italy compared with the prosperous north.
  • Land includes the entirety of the Italian Peninsula, Sicily, Sardinia (the two largest islands in the Mediterranean Sea) and many other smaller islands.
  • It has been ranked as the world’s 24th most developed country.
  • Climate: Predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south
  • Ethnic groups: Italian (includes small clusters of German, French, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south.
  • Languages: Italian (official), German, French, Slovene
  • Religions: Christian 80% (mainly Roman Catholic), Muslims (growing)
  • Population: 61.26 million
  • Major Cities: Rome (capital) 3.357 million, Milan, Naples, Turin, and Palermo
  • Literacy Rate: 98.4%
  • GDP per capita: $36,267
  • Current weather conditions –  www.weather.com
  • Tips for Travel in country – www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates –  www.xe.com

Government in Power

Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic

  • President: Giorgio Napolitano
  • Prime Minister: Mario Monti


Healthcare Statistics

  • Life Expectancy: 81.86 years
  • Maternal mortality rate: 5/100,000
  • Infant mortality rate: 3.36/1,000
  • Physicians density: 4.242/1,000 population
  • Tickborne encephalitis (TBE) occurs in warmer months
  • Leishmaniasis (cutaneous visceral) is found – an important opportunistic infection in HIV-infected persons
  • Infectious disease updates:  http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm


Images From the Field

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Area Agencies

Field Stories

It was by random chance I got to work with the GFR team in Jordan 2014. Turned out the organization they were working with in Jordan needed an extra translator, and I just so happened to be in Amman at the time. Facebook Google+ Linkedin Twitter WhatsApp


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