Quick Facts

  • Bulgaria fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People’s Republic in 1946
  • In 1990, Bulgaria held its first multiparty election and began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy.
  • Bulgaria joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007
  • Bulgaria is also a member of the Council of Europe, a founding member of the OSCE, and has taken a seat at the UN Security Council 3 times
  • The population is predominately urban and mainly concentrated in the administrative centers of its 28 provinces
  • The strongest sectors of the economy are heavy industry, power engineering and agriculture, all relying on local natural resources
  • Bulgaria is divided into 28 administrative provinces
  • Climate: temperate; cold, damp winters; hot, dry summers
  • Ethnic Groups: Bulgarian 83.9%, Turk 9.4%, Roma 4.7%
  • Languages: Bulgarian (official) 84.5%, Turkish 9.6%, Roma 4.1%
  • Religions: Bulgarian Orthodox 82.6%, Muslim 12.2%, other 5.2%
  • Population: 7.04 million
  • The capital of Bulgaria is Sofia
  • Literacy Rate: 98.2%
  • GDP per capita: $13,597
  • Current weather conditions –  www.weather.com
  • Tips for Travel in country – www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates –  www.xe.com

Government in Power

Parliamentary Democracy

  • President: Rosen Plevneliev
  • Prime Minister: Boyko Borisov


Healthcare Statistics

  • Life Expectancy: 73.84 years
  • Maternal mortality rate: 13 deaths/100,000 live births
  • Infant mortality rate: 16.13 deaths/1,000 live births
  • Physicians Density: 3.635/1,000 population
  • Population with HIV/AIDS: 0.1%
  • Obesity rate: 12.4%
  • Risk of infectious disease: Low
  • Infectious disease updates:  http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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Area Agencies

Field Stories

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