Quick Facts

  • Officially the Republic of Albania
  • In the early 1990s, Albania ended 46 years of xenophobic Communist rule and established a multiparty democracy.
  • Challenges facing Albania include: high unemployment, widespread corruption, a dilapidated physical infrastructure, powerful organized crime networks, and combative political opponents.
  • Joined NATO in 2009 and is a potential candidate for EU accession
  • A member of the United Nations, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Council of Europe, the WTO, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, and is a founding member of the Union for the Mediterranean
  • One of the poorest countries in Europe
  • Chosen as the #1 destination in “Lonely Planet’s” list of top 10 countries to visit in 2011
  • Total number of plant species is over 3,250, approximately 30% of the entire flora species found in Europe
  • Divided into 37 administrative municipalities
  • Climate: mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter
  • Major ethnic group: Albanian
  • Official language: Albanian
  • Major religion: Islam. All mosques and churches were closed in 1967 and religious observances were prohibited; in November 1990, Albania began allowing private religious practice.
  • Population: 3,029,278
  • Capital: Tirana (pop. 454,000)
  • Literacy rate: 97.6%
  • GDP per capita: $7,741
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • A parliamentary democracy
  • Chief of state: PresidentBujar Nishani (since 2012)
  • Head of government: Prime Minister Edi Rama (since 2013)


Healthcare Statistics

  • Life expectancy: 78.13 years
  • Maternal mortality rate: 29/100,000
  • Infant mortality rate: 12.75/1,000
  • Physicians density: 1.15/1,000
  • Hospital bed density: 2.6/1,000
  • Risk of Infectious disease: low to Intermediate
  • Health conditions have improved since the end of World War II
  • In 1997, Albania had high immunization rates for children up to one year old: tuberculosis 94%, diptheria, pertussis, and tetanus, 99%; measles 95%; Polio 99.5%
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 0.04%
  • Infectious disease updates:  http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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Area Agencies

Field Stories

I was on a bus from DC to NYC to arrange for an art show about my home (Syria) when I thought: what if I could do more? What if I can use art to do more than raise awareness about what’s going on at home! That’s when I thought of “Blooming Syria” a simple […]


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