Quick Facts

  • Officially called the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
  • Gained independence from France September 2, 1945
  • Location: the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea as well as China, Laos, and Cambodia
  • Capital: Hanoi (pop. 3.629 million)
  • Largest city: Ho Chi Minh City (pop. 7.298 million)
  • Population: 94,348,835
  • Area-comparative: slightly larger than the state of New Mexico
  • Official language: Vietnamese (English increasingly favored as a second language)
  • Literacy: 94%
  • Climate: tropical in south, monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (May to September) and warm dry season (October to March)
  • Terrain: low, flat delta in south and north; central highlands; hilly, mountainous in far north and northwest
  • Natural resources: phosphates, coal, manganese, rare earth elements, bauxite, chromate, off shore oil and gas deposits, timber, hydropower
  • Environmental current issues: logging and slash-and-burn agricultural practices contribute to deforestation and soil degradation; water pollution and overfishing threaten marine life population; groundwater contamination limits potable water supply; growing urban industrialization and population migration are rapidly degrading the environment in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City
  • Economy: one of the worlds fastest growing economies; manufacturing, information technology, and high-tech industries now form a large and fast growing part of the economy
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • The Socialist Repulic of Vietnam is a single party state
  • The current state constitution asserts the central role of the Communist Party of Vietnam in all organs of government
  • Chief of state: President Truong Tan Sang (since 2011)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung (since 2006)


Healthcare Statistics

  • Major infectious diseases risk: very high
  • Infectious diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, dengue fever, malaria, Japanese encephalitis, avian influenza
  • Health expenditures: 6% of GDP
  • Physicians density: 1.19 physicians/1,000 population
  • Hospital bed density: 2 beds/1,000 population
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 0.47%
  • Life expectancy: 73.16 years
  • Children under the age of 5 underweight: 12%
  • Malnutrition is common in rural areas.
  • Infectious disease updates: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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