Quick Facts

  • Officially called the Republic of Uzbekistan
  • Gained independence from the former USSR on September 1, 1991
  • Location: Central Asia, north of Turkmenistan, south of Kazakhstan
  • Area: 172.742 sq. miles, slightly larger than California
  • Population: 29,199,942
  • Capital: Tashkent (pop. 2.251 million)
  • Climate: mostly midlatitude desert, long hot summers, mild winters; semiarid grassland in east
  • Terrain: mostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes, flat intensely irrigated river valleys along course of Amu Darya, Syr Darya and Zarafshon; Fergana Valley in east surrounded by mountainous Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan; shrinking Aral Sea in west
  • Nationality: Uzbekistani
  • Major ethnic group: Uzbek
  • Official language: Uzbek
  • Major religion:  Islam (mostly Sunni)
  • Literacy: 99.6%
  • Reports of wide-scale violation of virtually all human rights in Uzbekistan by various groups including the US Department of State
  • Economy: A dry landlocked country; 11% of the land is intensely cultivated in irrigated river valleys. Uzbekistan is the world’s second-largest cotton exporter and fifth-largest producer.
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • A republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch
  • Chief of state: President Islom Karimov (since 1990) – elected by popular vote
  • Head of government: Prime Minister Shaukat Mirziyoyev (since 2003) – appointed by the president


Healthcare Statistics

  • Maternal mortality rate: 36/100,000
  • Infant mortality rate: 19.2/1,000
  • Life expectancy: 73.55 years
  • Health expenditures: 6.1% of GDP
  • Physicians density: 2.53 physicians/1,000 population
  • Hospital bed density: 4.4 beds/1,000 population
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 0.15%
  • Children under the age of 5 underweight: 4.4%
  • Occurrences of typhoid, paratyphoid and hepatitis from contaminated drinking water
  • Tuberculosis is an increasingly serious health concern
  • Free health care to its citizens
  • Infectious disease updates: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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Area Agencies

Field Stories

Here at the JAHJAHfoundation we wanted to do a little more than Mission Trips. We wanted to empower the individuals we met. Through Emergency Ultrasound we teach physicians in developing countries how to use the Ultrasound machine to make a difference in the lives of the patients they meet. We share ideas with our Jamaican […]


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