Quick Facts

  • Officially known as the Republic of Tajikistan
  • Gained independence September 9, 1991 following the breakup of the USSR
  • Location: landlocked mountainous country with Afghanistan to the south, Kyrgyzstan to the north, China to the east and Uzbekistan to the west
  • Area: 55,251 sq. miles, slightly smaller than the state of Wisconsin
  • Population: 8,191,958
  • Capital and largest city: Dushanbe (pop. 822,000)
  • Climate: midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters, semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains
  • Terrain: Pamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape; western Pergana Valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhash Valleys in southwest
  • Major ethnic group: Tajik
  • Official language: Tajik (Russian widely used in government and business)
  • Major religion: Islam
  • Literacy: 99.8%
  • Economy: the economic situation remains fragile. Because of corruption, uneven economic reforms, and economic mismanagement, Tajikistan is the poorest country in Central Asia. Primary source of income is from aluminum production and cotton. Less than 7% of the land is arable.
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • A republic
  • Chief of state: President Emomali Rahmon (since 1994) – elected by popular vote
  • Head of government: Prime Minister Qohir Rasulzoda (since 2013) – appointed by the president


Healthcare Statistics

  • Life expectancy: 67.39 years
  • Health expenditures: 6.8% of GDP
  • Physicians density: 1.92 physicians/1,000 population
  • Hospital bed density: 5.5 beds/1,000 population
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 0.35%
  • Major infectious diseases risk: high
  • Infectious diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, malaria
  • Children under the age of 5 underweight: 13.3%
  • The health care system is extremely underdeveloped and poor, with severe shortages of medical supplies
  • Polio is on the increase – 458 confirmed cases in 2010
  • Infectious disease updates: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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Area Agencies

Field Stories

Communications are obviously a key component in planning a trip and coordinating logistics. Depending on the country, there may be several options available. Several aspects of communication are discussed here to help you along. Cell phones – Cellular phone technology is usually an option in most countries, but varies depending on your type of carrier. To check and see […]


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