Quick Facts

  • Officially known as the Republic of the Philippines
  • Gained independence from the United States on July 4, 1946.
  • Location: in Southeastern Asia, it is an archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam. The archipelago is made up of 7,107 islands.
  • Area: 115,831 sq. miles, slightly larger than the state of Arizona
  • Population: 100,998,376
  • Capital and major city: Manila (pop. almost 13 million)
  • Climate: tropical marine (usually hot and humid); northeast monsoon (Nov.-April); southwest monsoon (May-Oct.)
  • Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow to extensive coastal lowlands
  • Nationality: Filipino
  • Ethnic groups: Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Llocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, others
  • Language: Filipino (official Tagalog) and English (official) 8 dialects
  • Literacy: 96.3%
  • Economy: a newly industrialized country, the Philippine economy has been transforming from one based on agriculture to one based more on services and manufacturing. Primary exports include semiconductors and electronic products, transport equipment, garments, copper products, petroleum products, coconut oil, and fruits. The economy faces several long-term challenges including reliance on energy imports and Filipino workers leaving to work overseas.
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com


Government in Power

  • A unitary presidential constitutional republic
  • Chief of state and head of government: President Benign Aquino (since 2010) – elected by popular vote


Healthcare Statistic

  • Life expectancy: 68.96 years
  • Health expenditures: 4.4% of GDP
  • Physicians density: 1.153 physicians/1,000 population
  • Hospital bed density: 1 bed/1,000 population
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: less than 0.06%
  • Major infectious diseases risk: high
  • Infectious diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, dengue fever, malaria, and leptospirosis
  • Obesity adult prevalence rate: 4.7%
  • Children under the age of 5 underweight: 20.2%
  • Cardiovascular diseases account for more than 25% of all deaths.
  • Malnutrition in the rural areas
  • Infectious disease updates: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

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