Quick Facts

  • Officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
  • Location: a landlocked sovereign state in South Asia. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People’s Republic of China and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India
  • Area: 56,827 sq. miles (slightly larger than the state of Arkansas)
  • Climate: varies from cool summers and severe winters in the north to subtropical summers and mild winters in the south
  • Population: 31,551,305
  • Capital and largest city: Kathmandu (pop. 1.183 million)
  • Highest point on Earth: located in the Himalayan Mountains, Mt. Everest 29,029 feet
  • Official language: Nepali
  • Ethnic groups: Chhetri 16.6%, Brahman-Hill 12.2%, other small groups
  • Religion: Hinduism 81.3%, Buddhism 9%
  • Literacy: 63.9%
  • Economy: Nepal is among the poorest and least developed countries in the world. Agriculture accounts for about 40% of the GDP, service companies 41%, and industry 22%. About 25% of the population live below the international poverty line of $1.25 per day. The country is dependent on foreign aid.
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com


Government in Power

  • Nepal is a federal multiparty representative democratic republic
  • Chief of state: President Bidhya Devi Bhandari (since 2015)
  • Head of government: Prime Minister Khadga Prasad Oli (since 2015)


Healthcare Statistics

  • Maternal mortality rate: 258/100,000
  • Infant mortality rate: 39.14/1,000
  • Life expectancy: 67.52 years
  • Health expenditures: 6% of GDP
  • Physicians density: 0.21 physicians/1,000 population
  • Hospital bed density: 5 beds/1,000 population
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 0.2%
  • Major infectious diseases risk: high
  • Infectious diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, typhoid fever, Japanese encephalitis, malaria, dengue fever
  • Children under the age of 5 underweight: 29.1%
  • Infectious disease updates:  http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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Area Agencies

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