Quick Facts

  • Gained independence from China July 11, 1921
  • Location: in northern Asia landlocked between China and Russia
  • Area: 603,909 sq. miles (slightly smaller than Alaska)
  • Population: 2,992,908
  • 30% of the population is nomadic or semi-nomadic
  • Capital and major city: Ulaanbaatar (pop. 1.377 million)
  • Climate: desert; continental (large daily and seasonal temperature ranges)
  • Terrain: vast semidesert and desert plains, grassy steppe, mountains in west and south west, Gobi Desert in south-central
  • Major ethnic group: Khalkh
  • Official language: Khalkha Mongol
  • Major religion: Buddhism
  • Literacy: 98.4%
  • Economy: the country is undergoing an economic transformation through its mining boom; copper, gold, uranium, tin and others account for a large part of foreign investment; minerals represent more than 80% of Mongolia’s exports. Mongolia has very little arable land.
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com

Government in Power

 

  • Mongolia is a parliamentary republic
  • The parliament is elected by the people and it in turn elects the government
  • Chief of state: President Tsakhia Elbegdorj (since 2009) (a largely symbolic role)
  • Head of government: Prime Minister Chimed Saikhanbileg (since 2014) (elected by the legislative arm called the State Great Hural

Healthcare Statistics

  • Maternal mortality rate: 44/100,000
  • Infant mortality rate: 22.44/1,000
  • Life expectancy: 69.29 years
  • Health expenditures: 6% of GDP
  • Physicians density: 2.84 physicians/1,000 population
  • Hospital bed density: 6.8 beds/ 1.000 population
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 0.04%
  • Obesity: 15.7%
  • Children under the age of 5 underweight: 1.6%
  • Infectious disease updates: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field


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Area Agencies

Field Stories

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