Quick Facts

    • Offically known as the Kyrgyz Republic
    • Achieved independence in 1991 when the USSR dissolved
    • Location: a landlocked country in central Asia, bordering Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan
    • Area: 77,181 sq. miles (slightly smaller than the state of South Dakota)
    • Climate: dry continental to polar in high Tien Shan Mountains, subtropical in southwest (Fergana Valley), temperate in northern foothill zone
    • Terrain: peaks of Tien Shan and associated valleys and basins encompass entire nation
    • Population: 5,664,939
    • Capital and major city: Bishkek (pop. 865,000)
    • Official language: Kyrgyz
    • Religions: Muslim 75%, Russian Orthodox 20%
    • Literacy: 99.5%
    • Economy: a poor mountainous country with a dominant agricultural sector; cotton and tobacco are exported in quantity.  Industrial exports are gold, mercury, uranium, natural gas, and electricity. The economy depends heavily on gold exports from the Kumfor gold mine. It is the second poorest country in Central Asia.
    • Concerns: the trajectory of democratization, endemic corruption, poor interethnic relations, and terrorism
    • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
    • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
    • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com


Government in Power

  • A parliamentary republic
  • Chief of state: President Almazbek Atambaev (since 2011) – elected by popular vote
  • Head of government: Prime Minister Temir Sariyev (since 2015) – appointed by the parliamentary party holding the majority of seats


Healthcare Statistics

  • Maternal mortality rate: 76/100,000
  • Infant mortality rate: 23.73/1,000
  • Life expectancy: 70.36 years
  • Health expenditures: 6.7% of GDP
  • Physicians density: 1.97 physicians/1,000 population
  • Hospital bed density: 4.8 beds/1,000 population
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 0.26%
  • Children under the age of 5 underweight: 2.8%
  • Many people get their water from contaminated streams and wells, as a result, waterborne diseases are prevalent.
  • Kyrgystan produces no vaccines of its own and almost no medicines or other pharmaceuticals. Because of the scarcity of vaccines, there is an increased liklihood of epedemics of diseases such as diptheria and measles.
  • The main cause of adult deaths in order of occurrence are cardiovascular conditions, respiratory infections, and accidents,
  • Infectious disease updates: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

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