Quick Facts

  • Officially known as the Republic of Indonesia
  • Independence: 1946, but independence not recognized by the Netherlands until 1949
  • Location: Southeastern Asia-an archipelago of 17,508 islands straddling the equator between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean; 6,000 islands are inhabited
  • Area: 735,355 sq. miles (slightly less than 3x the size of Texas)
  • Population: 255,993,674
  • Capital and largest city: Jakarta (pop. 10.323 million)
  • Climate: tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in the highlands
  • Terrain: mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains
  • Major religion: Islam
  • The world’s 3rd most populous democracy, the world’s largest archipelagic state and home to the world’s largest Muslim population
  • Literacy: 93.9%
  • Economy: Indonesia has the largest economy in Southeast Asia, but it struggles with poverty and unemployment, an inadequate infrastructure, corruption, a complex regulatory environment, and unequal resource distribution among regions. It has a mixed economy where both the government and the private sector play significant roles. The country has extensive natural resources including gold, copper, crude oil, natural gas, and tin. Exports include oil, gas, electrical appliances, plywood, rubber, textiles. Imports are machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, and foodstuff.
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • A unitary presidential constitutional republic
  • Chief of state and head of government: President Joko Widodo (since 2014) – elected by direct vote of the citizenry


Healthcare Statistics

  • Life expectancy: 72.45 years
  • Health expenditures: 3.1% of GDP
  • Physicians density: 0.2 physicians/1,000 population
  • Hospital bed density: 0.9 beds/1,000 population
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 0.47%
  • Major infectious diseases risk: very high
  • Infectious diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, dengue fever, malaria, avian influenza
  • Obesity: 5.7%
  • Children under the age of 5 underweight: 19.6%
  • Maternal mortality rate: 126/100,000 (high in rural areas)
  • Infant mortality rate: 24.29/1,000
  • Infectious disease updates: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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