Quick Facts

  • Officially known as the Republic of India
  • Independence: 1947 (from Great Britain); marked by non-violent resistance led by Mahatma Gandhi
  • Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal: between Burma and Pakistan
  • Climate: varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north
  • Area: 1,269,219 sq. miles (slightly more than 1/3 the size of the US)
  • Population: 1.25 billion (2nd most populous country in the world)
  • Capital and largest city: New Dehli (pop. 25.703 million)
  • Language: Predominately Hindi 41%; English, however, is the most important language for national, political and commercial communication
  • Religion: Hindu 79.8%, Muslim 14.2%
  • Literacy: 71.2%
  • It is considered a newly industralized country and  has one of the fastest growing major economies, but it faces challenges of poverty, illiteracy, corruption and inadequate health care.
  • Labor force is the world 2nd largest
  • A nuclear weapon state with the 3rd largest standing army in the world
  • Seven of the world’s top 15 information technology outsourcing companies are based in India. India has the worlds fastest growing telecommunication industry.
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • A federal constitutional republic consisting of 29 states and seven union territories
  • Chief of state: President Pranab Mukherjee (since 2012)
  • Head of government: Prime Minister Narendra Modi (since 2014)


Healthcare Statistics

  • Maternal mortality rate: 19.9/100,000
  • Infant mortality rate: 41.81/1,000
  • Life expectancy: 68.13 years
  • Health expenditures: 4% of GDP
  • Physicians density: 0.7 physicians/1,000 population
  • Hospital bed density: 0.7 beds/1,000 population
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 0.26%
  • HIV/AIDS deaths: 127,000
  • Major infectious diseases risk: very high
  • Infectious diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, typhoid fever, dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, malaria, rabies, leptospirosis, avian influenza
  • Children under the age of 5 underweight: 43.5%
  • 46% of children under the age of 3 suffer from malnutrition
  • Infectious disease updates: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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