Quick Facts

  • Officially the People’s Republic of China
  • Location: Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay and South China Sea between North Korea and Vietnam
  • Area: 9,596,961 sq. km (slightly smaller than the United States)
  • Population: 1,367,485,388 (the world’s most populous country)
  • Capital: Beijing (pop. 20.384 million)
  • Most populous city: Shanghai (pop. 23.741 million)
  • Language: Chinese or Mandarin
  • Literacy: 96.4%
  • Ethnic groups: 91.6% Han Chinese
  • Climate: extremely diverse; tropical in the south to subarctic in the north
  • Terrain: mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in the west; plains, deltas and hills in east
  • Natural hazards: frequent typhoons (about 5 per year) along the southern and eastern coasts, floods, tsunamis, earthquakes and droughts
  • Economy: China is the world’s fastest growing economy and the 2nd largest after the United States. It’s the world’s largest exporter and 2nd largest importer of goods.
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com


Government in Power

  • Communist Party of China
  • Chief of state: President Xi Jinping (since 2013), elected by the National People’s Congress
  • Head of government: Premier Li Keqiang (since 2013) nominated by the president and confirmed by congress
  • The government exercises jurisdiction over five autonomous regions and 23 provinces including Taiwan, a controversial claim due to the unresolved Chinese Civil War.


Healthcare Statistics

  • Maternal mortality rate: 27/100,000
  • Infant mortality rate: 12.44/1,000
  • Life expectancy: 75.41 years
  • Health expenditures: 5.6% GDP
  • Physicians density: 1.49 physicians/1,000 population
  • Hospital bed density: 3.8 beds/1,000 population
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 0.1%
  • HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: approx. 780,000
  • Major infectious diseases risk: intermediate
  • Infectious diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, Japanese encephalitis, hantaviral hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), rabies, avian influenza
  • Obesity adult prevalence rate: 7.3%
  • Children under the age of 5 underweight: 3.4%
  • Emerging health problems: respiratory illnesses caused by air pollution, hundreds of millions of cigarette smokers and an increase in obesity among urban youth
  • Infectious disease updates: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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Area Agencies

    Field Stories

    Health education in the field This is a very important topic that I believe is often overlooked on many mission trips! While it’s wonderful to go spend a week doing clinic work, the reality of these mission trips is that it’s a short-term mission trip, and when the week or so is over, clinic ends! […]


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