Quick Facts

  • Officially known as the People’s Republic of Bangladesh
  • Independence: 1971 (from Pakistan)
  •  A sovereign state located in South Asia in the low-lying Ganes-Brahmaputra River Delta or Ganges Delta
  • Capital: Dhaka (pop. 17.598 million)
  • Official language: Bengali
  • Religions: 89.5 % Muslim, 9.6% Hindu
  • Population: 168,957,745 (9th most populous country and among the most densely populated)
  • Literacy rate: 61.5%
  • Weather: subject to annual monsoons, floods and cyclones with 2/3 of the country flooding annually
  • Climate: tropical; monsoon season lasts from June–October
  • Water is contaminated with arsenic frequently because of high arsenic content in the soil.  Up to 77 million people are exposed to toxic/arsenic from drinking water.
  • 2/3 of the people are farmers growing rice, potatoes, tea, mango, onion, mustard, pineapple, bananas, jute
  • Ranked the 4th largest clothing exporter by the WTO; the garment industry employs 3 million workers (90% women)
  • According to the World Bank, Bangledesh’s most significant obstacles to growth are poor governance and weak public institutions.
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • Bangladesh has a parliamentary democracy with an elected parliament called the Jatiyo Sangsdad
  • The president, President Abdul Hamid (since 2013), holds a ceremonial post and is elected by the parliament
  • Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina (since 2009) is appointed by the president and runs the day to day affairs of state


Healthcare Statistics

  • Infant mortality rate: 44.09/1,000
  • Maternal mortality rate: 176/100,000
  • Children under the age of 5 years underweight: 41.3%
  • Health expenditures: 3.7% GDP
  • Physicians density: 0.36/1,000
  • Hospital bed density: 0.6/1,000
  • Life expectancy: 70.94 years
  • Infectious diseases risk: high
  • Infectious diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, typhoid fever, dengue fever, malaria, leptospirosis, rabies, avian influenza
  • Infectious disease updates: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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