Quick Facts

  • Independence: 1960 (from France)
  • Location: central Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and Gabon
  • Area: 132,047 sq. miles (slightly smaller than Montana)
  • Population: 4,755,097
  • Capital: Brazzaville (pop. 1.888 million)
  • Climate: tropical rainy season (March–June)  dry season (June–October)  persistent high temperatures and humidity
  • Terrain: coastal plain; southern basin, central plateau and northern basin
  • Nationality: Congolese
  • Ethnic groups: Kongo 48%, Sangha 20%, M’Bochi 12%, Teke 17%, other 3%
  • Official language: French
  • Religions: about evenly split between Christianity and animist
  • Literacy rate: 79.3%
  • Economy: subsistence agriculture, hunting and an industrial sector based on oil and its support services; 46.5% of the population below the poverty line
  • Currency: Central Africa CFA franc
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com


Government in Power

  • Dominant-party presidential republic
  • Chief of state and head of government: President Denis Sassou-Nguesso (since 1997)- elected by popular vote

Healthcare Statistics

  • Life expectancy: 58.79 years
  • Health expenditures: 4.1% GDP
  • Hospital bed density: 1.6/1,000
  • Physicians density: 0.1/1,000
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 2.75%
  • Children under the age of 5 underweight: 11.8%
  • Maternal mortality rate: 442/100,000
  • Infant mortality rate: 57.92/1,000
  • Major infectious diseases risk: very high
  • Infectious diseases:  bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, malaria, dengue fever, rabies, schistosomiasis
  • Infectious diseases update: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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Area Agencies

    Field Stories

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