Quick Facts

  • Known officially as the Federal Republic of Nigeria
  • Comprised of 36 states and its federal capital territory Abuja
  • Three largest ethnic groups in Nigeria are the Hausa, Igbo, and Yoruba
  • Religions: split between Muslims and Christians equally for the most part
  • Independence: 1960 (from UK)
  • Literacy rate: 59.6%
  • Twice the size of California
  • Most populous cities include Lagos and Kano
  • Economy: 12th largest producer of petroleum in the world and 8th largest exporter, and has the 10th largest proven reserves; has one of the fastest growing telecommunication markets in the world; over 92 percent of the country lives on less than 2 USD/day
  • Population: 181,562,056
  • Capital: Abuja (pop. 2.44 million)
  • Official language: English (official-although only a small minority are fluent)
  • Weather: Nigeria lies wholly within the tropical zone; on the coast, temperatures rarely exceed 32 degrees celsius (90 degrees Fahrenheit), humidity is high, nights are hot. Wet season from April to October. Inland has two seasons: wet season from Nov. to March; midday temperatures up to 100 degrees Fahrenheit with cooler nights down to 54 degrees.
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • A federal republic
  • Chief of state and head of government: President Maj. Gen. (ret.) Muhammadu Buhari (since 2015)


Healthcare Stats     

  • Living conditions are poor
  • Life expectancy: 53.02 years
  • Maternal mortality rate: 814/100,000 (Over 50,000 Nigerian women die from childbirth every year.)
  • Infant mortality rate: 72.7/1,000
  • Health expenditures: 3.9% GDP
  • Physicians density: 0.41/1,000 (Continuously faced with a shortage of doctors due to “brain drain.”)
  • Hospital bed density: 0.53/1,000
  • According to allafrica.com, the Nigerian primary health care system is “in a total state of collapse as such centers can often be described as dilapidated structures decorated with expired drugs and cob webs and in many places, inhabitants for domestic animals.”
  • One in five Nigerian children die before his/her fifth birthday.
  • A million Nigerian children die from preventable causes each year.
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 3.17%
  • Infectious disease risk: very high
  • Infectious diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, typhoid fever, dengue fever, yellow fever, leptospirosis, schistosomiasis, meningococcal meningitis, Lassa fever, rabies, avian influenza, malaria (malaria kills more Nigerians than any other disease)
  • Infectious disease updates: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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