Quick Facts

  • Officially the Republic of Madagascar
  • Independence: 1960 (from France)
  • Geography: island country comprised of island of Madagascar (4th largest in the world) and numerous peripheral islands
  • Capital: Antananarivo (pop. 2.61 million)
  • Biodiversity epicenter with 90% of wildlife endemic only to this island.
  • Official languages: Malagasy, French
  • Major religions:  indigenous religions and Christianity
  • Population: 23,812,681
  • Literacy: 64.7%
  • Climate: hot rainy season from Nov. to April with cooler dry season from March to October
  • Divided into six administrative provinces
  • Economy: based on agriculture, tourism and manufacturing; approximately 69% of the population lives below the national poverty line (living on less than $1/day)
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • A republic
  • Chief of state: President Hery Martial Rajaonarimampianina Rakotoarimana (since 2014)
    Head of government: Prime Minister Jean Ravelonarivo (since 2015)


Healthcare Statistics

  • Maternal mortality rate: 353/100,000 births
  • Infant Mortality rate: 43.67/1,000 births
  • Life expectancy: 65.55 years
  • Health expenditures: 4.2% G
  • Physician density: 0.16/1,000
  • Hospital bed density: 0.2/1,000
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 0.29%
  • Infectious disease risk: very high
  • Infectious diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, malaria, dengue fever, rabies, schistosomiasis
  • Infectious disease updates: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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Area Agencies

Field Stories

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