Quick Facts

  • Known officially as the Arab Republic of Egypt, Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East.
  • Considered a transcontinental country, Egypt is located mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia.
  • Covering 1,001,450 km, Egypt has a land area about the same as that of Texas and New Mexico combined, four times bigger than the United Kingdom.
  • Cairo, the capital, has a population of 18.772 million people making it the largest city in the Arab world and Africa, and the 16th largest metropolitan area in the world.
  • Religion: Over 90% of the population is Muslim.  Egypt is a predominantly Sunni Muslim country with Islam as its state religion.
  • Egypt is a nation rich in history dating all the way back to the 31st Century B.C.
  • Population: 88,487,396
  • Economy: depends mainly on agriculture, media, petroleum exports, and tourism
  • Official language: Modern Standard Arabic
  • Literacy rate: 73.8%
  • Weather: Temperatures average between 80 °F (27 °C) and 90 °F (32 °C) in summer, and up to 109 °F (43 °C) on the Red Sea coast. Winter temperatures average between 55 °F (13 °C) and 70 °F (21 °C).  Most of Egypt’s rain falls in the winter months.
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • Chief of state: President Abdelfattah Said Elsisi (since 2014)
  • Head of government: Prime Minister Sherif Ismail (since 2011)
  • Corruption is often cited by Egyptians as the main impediment to further economic growth.
  • Despite a constitutional ban against religious-based parties, the controversial Muslim Brotherhood constitutes Egypt’s most potentially significant political opposition.


Healthcare Statistics

  • Living conditions are moderate
  • Life expectancy: 73.7 years
  • Infant mortality rate: 21.55 deaths/1,000 live births
  • Maternal mortality rate: 33/100,000
  • Physician density: 2.83 physicians/1,000
  • Hospital bed density: 0.5 beds/1,000
  • Egypt has long given high priority to the provision of public health services- with an increasing emphasis on primary health care, an adoption of new approaches emphasizing child survival interventions, the control of diseases and the strengthening of rural health services.
  • Despite the commitment to improve the coverage and services of the health care system, health care delivery in Egypt still faces some problems. Both health facilities and staff tend to be unevenly distributed, clustering in urban areas, especially in Cairo and Alexandria.
  • The average number of hospital beds per 10,000 population is 38 in Cairo and 28 in Alexandria, compared with 16 in the rest of Lower Egypt and 12 in Upper Egypt.
  • Children under the age of 5 underweight: 6.8%
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 0.02%
  • Infectious disease risk: intermediate
  • Infectious diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, schistosomiasis, avian influence
  • Infectious disease updates:  http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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