Quick Facts

  • Known officially as the Republic of Djibouti
  • Ethnic groups: Somali 60%, Afar 35%, mixed Eurasian and African decent 5%
  • Independence: 1977 (from France)
  • Population: 828,324
  • Divided into six districts
  • Capital is Djibouti City; by far the most populous city. (pop. 529,000)
  • Official languages: French and Arabic
  • Terrain: stony semidesert geography with scattered plateaus and highlands
  • Religions: Muslim 94%, Christian 6%
  • Economy: based on service activities connected with the country’s strategic location and status as a free trade zone in the Horn of Africa; few natural resources and little industry
  • Literacy rate: 67.9%
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • A republic
  • Chief of state: President Ismail Omar Guelph (since 1999)- elected by popular vote
  • Head of government: Prime Minister Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed (since 2013) – appointed by the president


Healthcare Statistics

  • Maternal mortality rate: 229/100,000
  • Infant mortality rate: 48.7 /1,000
  • Health expenditures: 8.9% of GDP
  • Physician density: 0.23/1,000
  • Hospital bed density: 1.4/1,000
  • Children under age of 5 underweight: 29.8%
  • Life expectancy: 62.79 years
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 1.59%
  • Infectious disease risk: high
  • Infectious diseases: malaria, bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, dengue fever, avian influenza, and typhoid fever
  • Infectious disease updates:  http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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Area Agencies

Field Stories

        My first medical  mission trip:    In the following pages I will talk about my experiences on my first trip to Haiti following the devastating earthquake in January 2010.   The biggest “first” is it was my first medical trip outside the United States.  I had done disaster relief for Hurricane […]


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