Quick Facts

  • Known officially as the Republic of Djibouti
  • Ethnic groups: Somali 60%, Afar 35%, mixed Eurasian and African decent 5%
  • Independence: 1977 (from France)
  • Population: 828,324
  • Divided into six districts
  • Capital is Djibouti City; by far the most populous city. (pop. 529,000)
  • Official languages: French and Arabic
  • Terrain: stony semidesert geography with scattered plateaus and highlands
  • Religions: Muslim 94%, Christian 6%
  • Economy: based on service activities connected with the country’s strategic location and status as a free trade zone in the Horn of Africa; few natural resources and little industry
  • Literacy rate: 67.9%
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • A republic
  • Chief of state: President Ismail Omar Guelph (since 1999)- elected by popular vote
  • Head of government: Prime Minister Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed (since 2013) – appointed by the president


Healthcare Statistics

  • Maternal mortality rate: 229/100,000
  • Infant mortality rate: 48.7 /1,000
  • Health expenditures: 8.9% of GDP
  • Physician density: 0.23/1,000
  • Hospital bed density: 1.4/1,000
  • Children under age of 5 underweight: 29.8%
  • Life expectancy: 62.79 years
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 1.59%
  • Infectious disease risk: high
  • Infectious diseases: malaria, bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, dengue fever, avian influenza, and typhoid fever
  • Infectious disease updates:  http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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Area Agencies

Field Stories

Health education in the field This is a very important topic that I believe is often overlooked on many mission trips! While it’s wonderful to go spend a week doing clinic work, the reality of these mission trips is that it’s a short-term mission trip, and when the week or so is over, clinic ends! […]


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