Quick Facts

  • Official name: Republic of Chad
  • Terrain: consists of a desert up north, an arid belt in the center, and fertile savannah in the south
  • Independence: 1960 (from France)
  • Capital: N’Djamena (pop. 1.26 million)
  • Official languages: English and Arabic
  • Nationality: Chadian(s)
  • Major religions: Islam and Christianity
  • Economy: most inhabitants live as subsistence farmers and herders
  • Listed as one of the poorest and most corrupt countries in the world.
  • Population: 11,631,456
  • Spillover of refugees from Darfur has destabilized the country.
  • Divided into 22 regions each headed by a governor appointed by the president
  • Remains plagued by political violence and recurrent coups d’état.
  • Literacy: 40.2%
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • Type of government: republic
  • Chief of state: President Lt. Gen. Idriss Deby Itno  (since 1990), elected by popular vote
  • Head of government: Prime Minister Kalzeube Pahimi Deubet, appointed by the president

Healthcare Statistics

  • Maternal mortality rate: 856/100,000
  • Infant mortality rate: 88.69/1,000
  • Total fertility rate: 4.55 children/woman
  • Health expenditures: 3.6% GDP
  • Physician density: 0.04/1,000
  • Hospital bed density: 0.4/1,000
  • Life expectancy: 49.81 years
  • Children under age of 5 underweight: 30.3%
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 2.53%
  • Infectious disease risk: very high
  • Infectious diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid, schistosomiasis, malaria, dengue fever, meningococcal meningitis, rabies
  • Infectious disease updates: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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Area Agencies

Field Stories

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